Just like adults, it is natural for them to feel afraid or anxious at times. However, if your child's anxiety is starting to affect their wellbeing and causing a lot of distress, they may need help with managing it. This page will give you information about anxiety and resources you can use with your children to explore these feelings.
Children can feel anxious about different things at different ages, many of these kind of worries are part of growing up. For example, it is common for children to develop fears or phobias in early childhood, like being afraid of the dark, animals or water. These type of fears will usually go away gradually. There will also be other times throughout a child's life when they will feel anxiety, like starting school, before exams, and maybe even shyness leading to anxiety in social situations.
When does it become a problem?
Anxiety becomes a problem for children when it begins to affect their day to day lives. Severe anxiety will have an impact on children's mental and emotional wellbeing, affecting their self-esteem and confidence. They may become withdrawn or try to avoid situations that make them feel anxious.
Watch the video below to find out about the signs and symptoms of anxiety.
Watch the video below to find out about the signs and symptoms of anxiety
Young children may not always understand or know how to express what they are feeling so you may notice that they start to:
wake in the night
In older children the signs will present in different ways. You may notice they start to lack confidence and don't want to try new things or find it difficult to cope with everyday challenges. They may also find it hard to concentrate and might start avoiding activities like going to school and seeing friends. Other signs could include problems eating or sleeping, angry outbursts and negative thoughts.
How to help an anxious child
Try not to worry, there are things you can do to help support your child if they are experiencing anxiety. Firstly, it is important to talk to your child about what worries they have. When having a conversation about it, reassure them and show them you understand how they feel.
Explain to your child that anxiety has physical affects on our bodies to help them recognise when they feel anxious. Ask them the way their body reacts when they are worried, this might include: stomach pains/aches/butterflies, dizziness, heart racing, shaking, or sweating.
It's important to focus on finding solutions with your child. As a parent it's natural to want to protect our children from anything that will worry them. However, rather than encouraging your child not to do something or distancing them from the thing causing their anxiety, try exploring solutions with them. Reassure your child by telling them you understand they are feeling anxious and get them to think about the things they could do to help themselves feel better.
Helping children manage anxiety
Click the headings below for tips on how you can help your child manage anxiety.